Sociology Syllabus

  • Sociology Syllabus

    PAPER – I

    1:-Sociology – The Discipline:

  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
  • Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
  • Sociology and common sense.

  • 2:-Sociology as Science:

  • Science, scientific method and critique.
  • Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
  • Positivism and its critique.
  • Fact value and objectivity.
  • Non- positivist methodologies.

  • 3:Research Methods and Analysis:

  • Qualitative and quantitative methods.
  • Techniques of data collection.
  • Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

  • 4:Sociological Thinkers:

  • Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
  • Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
  • Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
  • Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
  • Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
  • Mead – Self and identity.

  • 5:Stratification and Mobility:

  • Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
  • Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
  • Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
  • Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.

  • 6:Works and Economic Life:

  • Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
  • Formal and informal organization of work..
  • Labour and society..

  • 7:Politics and Society:

  • Sociological theories of power..
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
  • Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

  • 8:Religion and Society:

  • Sociological theories of religion.
  • Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
  • Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

  • 9:Systems of Kinship:

  • Family, household, marriage.
  • Types and forms of family.
  • Lineage and descent.
  • Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
  • Contemporary trends.

  • 10:Social Change in Modern Society:

  • Sociological theories of social change.
  • Development and dependency.
  • Agents of social change.
  • Education and social change.
  • Science, technology and social change.

  • PAPER – II


  • Introducing Indian Society:
  • 1:-   Perspectives on the study of Indian society:

        1:- Indology (GS. Ghurye).

        2:- Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).

        3:- Marxist sociology (A R Desai).

    2:-   Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :

        1:- Social background of Indian nationalism.

        2:- Modernization of Indian tradition.

        3:- Protests and movements during the colonial period.

        4:- Social reforms.

    3:-   Social Structure: :

        1:-Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

            1:-The idea of Indian village and village studies.

            2:-Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.

        2:-Caste System:

            1:-Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.

            2:-Features of caste system.

            3:-Untouchability – forms and perspectives.

  • Tribal communities in India:
  •     1:- Definitional problems.

        2:- Geographical spread.

        3:- Colonial policies and tribes.

        4:- Issues of integration and autonomy.

  • Social Classes in India:
  •    1:- Agrarian class structure.

        2:- Industrial class structure.

        3:- Middle classes in India.

  • Systems of Kinship in India:
  •    1:- Lineage and descent in India.

        2:- Types of kinship systems.

        3:- Family and marriage in India.

       4:- Household dimensions of the family.

        5:- Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.

  • Religion and Society:
  •    1:- Religious communities in India.

        2:- Religious communities in India.

  • Social Changes in India:
  •     1:- Visions of Social Change in India:

            1:- Idea of development planning and mixed economy.

            2:- Constitution, law and social change.

            3:-Education and social change.

        2:- Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

            1:- Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.

            2:- Green revolution and social change.

            3:- Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .

            3:- Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.

  • Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
  •    1:- Evolution of modern industry in India.

        2:- Growth of urban settlements in India.

       3:- Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.

        4:- Informal sector, child labour.

        5:- Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

  • Politics and Society:
  •    1:- Nation, democracy and citizenship.

        2:-Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.

       3:-Regionalism and decentralization of power.

  • Social Movements in Modern India:
  •    1:- Peasants and farmers movements.

        2:- Women’s movement.

       3:- Backward classes & Dalit movement.

        4:- Environmental movements.

        5:- Ethnicity and Identity movements.

  • Population Dynamics:
  •    1:- Population size, growth, composition and distribution.

        2:- Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.

       3:- Population policy and family planning.

        4:- Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

  • Challenges of Social Transformation:
  •    1:- Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.

        2:- Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.

       3:- Violence against women.

        4:- Caste conflicts.

       5:- Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.

        6:- Illiteracy and disparities in education.